List of Dams in Pakistan (A Complete List With Details)

Dams provide a range of economic, environmental, and social benefits, including recreation, flood control, water supply, hydroelectric power, waste management, river navigation, and wildlife habitat.

According to the International Commission on Large Dams, there are 150 dams and reservoirs in Pakistan that are over 15 m (49 ft) in height. Tarbela Dam is the largest earth filled dam in the world and is second largest by the structural volume. Mirani Dam is the largest dam in the world in terms of volume for flood protection with a floodstock of 588,690 cubic hectares.

List of famous reservoirs and dams in Pakistan:

  • Diamer-Bhasha Dam
  • Gomal Zam Dam Project
  • Hub Dam
  • Mangla Dam
  • Mirani Dam
  • Namal Dam
  • Rawal Dam
  • Tarbela Dam
  • Warsak Dam
  • Neelum Jhelum Dam
  • Sabakzai Dam

Diamer Bhasha Dam

On the River Indus in Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan, there is a Diamer-Bhasha Dam, in the early stage of construction. This is the concrete-filled gravity Dam. On 18 October 2011, Yousaf Raza Gillani, Prime Minister of Pakistan laid the foundation stone. However, After completion, This Diamer-Bhasha Dam will become the World highest RCC (Roller-compacted concrete) Dam. The name is based on the location Bhasha in Diamer District of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan.

After completion of Diamer-Bhasha Dam, it will be able to generate Hydroelectricity of 4500 MW. Along with this, Dam will be able to store 8,500,000 acre-feet extra of water that will be used for drinking and irrigation purposes in Pakistan. Also, this Dam will control flood damages during high floods by River Indus and can increase the life of Tarbela Dam.

There will be Fourteen Gates for the Dam with a height of 272 meters. Diamer-Bhasha Dam will have 6,400,000 acre-feet (7.9 km3) of live storage, however, 8,100,000 acre-feet (10 km3) will be a gross capacity of the reservoir. The dam will have two underground powerhouses. Each powerhouse will have six turbines with a maximum capacity of 4500 MW.

Gomal Zam Dam

Multi-Purpose Gravity Dam located in the South Waziristan Agency of Federal Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan, situated Gomal Zam Dam. Passed from a narrow gap in Khjori Kach, Dam is on the waters of Gomal River, a branch of mighty Indus river. However, The main purpose of Gomal Zam Dam is Hydroelectric Power Generation, Irrigation and Flood Control. In August 2001, The building process of Gomal Zam Dam started and completed in April 2011. PowerHouse Units of Dam completed till March 2013 and started production of electricity in August 2013. Along with Shaukatullah Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor and US Ambassador Richard G. Olson, Minister for Water and Power Khawaja Muhammad Asif officially inaugurated the Dam on 12 September 2013.

With the depth of 133 m (437 feet) of Gomal Zam Dam, is an RCC (Roller-Compacted Concrete) Gravity Dam. This Dam can generate electricity of 17.4 MW. In August 1963, construction of the Dam was approved by the Government of Pakistan and initial work took place. However, because of the Indo-Pak 1965 War, construction of the Dam stopped. Later on, General Pervaiz Musharraf, President of Pakistan ordered the construction of the Dam in 2001. Therefore, on Independence Day 14 August 2001, the ceremony for Groundbreaking took place and was constructed till April 2011.

Hub Dam

Located on the Hub River is a water reservoir with the name of Hub Dam. This Dam is on the border of Balochistan and Sindh provinces in Districts of Lasbela and Karachi around 56 Km away from Karachi. With a gross storage capacity of 85700 acre-feet, this made this Dam the Third largest of Pakistan. In conclusion For Karachi City, this Dam is the main source for drinking water.

The area surrounding the Dam was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1974 by Sindh Government. The area of Sanctuary is around 27219 hectares. For nesting and feeding of Ducks, Waders, Pelicans, and Cranes, this sanctuary is the most favorable area. On 01 May 2001, Ramsar Site was designated by hub Dam.

This Dam is a famous tourist spot as well. However People from Karachi in a large number visit this spot on the weekends to enjoy swimming, Picnic, and Fishing. In addition, for tourists to stay there is a rest house by WAPDA.

Mangla Dam

Being 147 metres (482 feet) in height and 3140 metres (10,300 feet) in length, Mangla Dam is the second-largest water reservoir in Pakistan. Located in the Mirpur District of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, the construction of the dam began in 1961, coming to a close in 1967, with the dam becoming one of the primary sources of irrigation in the country. While the dam was only built for the purpose of water storage initially, it was later modified to generate hydropower electricity of about 1,150 megawatts. Proposed extension plans will extend this capacity to 1,500 megawatts in the future.

This water reservoir in Pakistan resulted in the creation of the Mangla Lake, which is a 4-hour drive from Lahore and a 2-hour drive from Islamabad. The lake and its surroundings offer plenty of water sports activities, including boating, rafting, jet skiing, and fishing, along with enjoying a picnic in the park near the lake. A short 10-minute boat ride can also take sightseers up to Ramkot Fort, which is located on the hill on the other side of the lake and offers panoramic views from the top.

Mirani Dam

This dam was built from 2002 to 2006 with a cost of 5,267.90 million rupees. Mirani Dam is considered to be the largest dam in the world in terms of volume for flood protection. Moreover, the dam is on the Dasht River in Balochistan, with a height of 39 meters or 127 ft. and length 1,020 meters or 3,350 ft. Above all, the capacity has a flood stock of 588,690 cubic hectares.

Namal Dam

Located in a corner of Namal Valley in Mianwali, Punjab, the Namal Dam was constructed in 1913 with Namal Lake boasting a surface area of 5.5 square kilometres. The region is surrounded by mountains on two sides with agricultural plains on the remaining two.

The core purpose behind the creation of the dam was to provide a means of irrigation for the local farmlands but it now serves as a famous picnic spot for the people of the region. Migratory birds flock to the area, attracting birdwatchers, while boating enthusiasts also test the waters here. Namal Lake is also one of the four tourist spots that have been chosen for further development within Punjab, which will bring more tourism to the area.

Rawal Dam

Rawal Dam is one of the water reservoirs in Pakistan that supplies water to the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad since 1962. It collects water from the Korang River and other small streams that flow down the Margalla Hills. The Rawal Lake is, therefore, a popular tourist spot along with Margalla Hills, with a beautiful park around the lake with lush trees, paths, and picnic spots. The park’s highest point also offers an amazing view of the Rawal Lake, Margalla Hills, and the twin cities.

Swimming, boating, sailing, diving, and water skating are some of the activities that can be organised here using private tours. The Islamabad Club, located nearby, also hosts different water sports events on the lake regularly. Many species of birds, mammals, and reptiles also make this region their home and birdwatchers often flock to Rawal Dam to spot the local birds. The lake is also a fishing spot with around 15 species found in its waters.

Tarbela Dam

Tarbela Dam is the largest dam in Pakistan. The dam is situated on the Indus River which is second largest in structural volume. Moreover, it was started in 1968 and was completed in 1976 at a cost of $1,497 million. Furthermore, it is 143.26 meters or 470ft in height and 2,743.2 meters or 9,000 ft. in length. Additionally, the total capacity of the dam is 13.69 cubic km spread over the construction area of 168,000 Km2.

Warsak Dam

Warsak Dam is third on the list of the Famous Dams of Pakistan. The dam is located on Kabul River in the north-west of Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The Warsak Dam has completed two major phases. The first phase was completed in 1960 and the second one from 1980 to 1981. Furthermore, the total height is of 76.2 m or 250 ft. with a length of 140.2 m or 460 ft. The total cost spent on construction was 156 million rupees. Above all, the Warsak Dam Hydropower Project has a capacity to produce 243 MW electricity.

Neelum Jhelum Dam

Hydroelectric Power Scheme in Pakistan to build run-of-the-river Neelum Jhelum Hydropower Plant. Specially designed to change the direction of water to power station on Jhelum River from Neelum river. In Azad Jammu and Kashmir of Pakistan, this Power Plant is situated around 26 mi (42 Km) south of Muzaffarabad.

Moreover, it can generate hydroelectricity of 969 MW. In July 2007, Chinese company got the contract to construct the Dam and work started in 2008 on the project. However, the project was delayed for many years and finally in April 2018, the first generator came to operations.

Furthermore, the Fourth and last power unit started generating electricity. On 14 August 2018, reached the maximum capacity of 969 MW and the whole project completed in the month of August 2018. In conclusion, for the next 30 years, at the level tariff of Rs 13.50 per unit, this project will be generating 5,150 Gigawatt per year.

Reservoirs created by dams not only suppress floods but also provide water for activities such as irrigation, human consumption, industrial use, aquaculture, and navigability. These following were the most famous and important dams of Pakistan.

List of Electric Supply Companies in Pakistan

Distribution Company (DISCO) is a company that works under PEPCO (Pakistan Power Electric Company) that holds command and is responsible for the distribution of electricity in their respective allocated areas.

Here are the following Distribution Companies (DISCO) operating in Pakistan:

  • Faisalabad Electric Supply Company (FESCO)
  • Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO)
  • Hyderabad Electric Supply Company (HESCO)
  • Sukkur Electric Power Company (SEPCO)
  • Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO)
  • K-Electric (formerly known as KESC)
  • Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO)
  • Multan Electric Power Company (MEPCO)
  • Peshawar Electric Power Company (PESCO)
  • Quetta Electric Supply Company (QESCO)
  • Tribal Electric Supply Company (TESCO)

Faisalabad Electric Supply Company

Faisalabad Electric Supply Company (FESCO) is an electric distribution company that was founded in 1998. It supplies electricity to the districts of Faisalabad, Sargodha, Mianwali, Khushab, Jhang, Bhakkar, Toba Tek Singh, and Chiniot in Pakistan. This company generates electric power from water (hydro-electric power) and distributes it to 4.01 million consumers of the area.

Gujranwala Electric Power Company

Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO) is an electric distribution company which supplies electricity to Gujranwala Region, Punjab, Pakistan. The jurisdiction of the company includes Sialkot, Narowal, Gujranwala, Gujrat and Mandi Bahauddin Districts.

Hyderabad Electric Supply Company 

Hyderabad Electric Supply Company or also known as HESCO is an electric distribution company which supplies electricity to all the districts of Sindh in Pakistan, excluding Karachi.

Hyderabad had an Area Electricity Board (AEB) as one of the eight AEBs constituted through amendments in WAPDA Act during 1981. Later on as the Government of Pakistan approved the revamping of the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) power sector in April 1998, the Hyderabad Electric Supply Company took over responsibilities of the Hyderabad Area Electricity Board. Hyderabad Electric Supply Company is owned and operated by WAPDA though.

Sukkur Electric Power Company

The distribution company SEPCO (Sukkur Electric Power Company) has been formed by bifurcating HESCO (modified) so that the areas of operation that were entirely under the jurisdiction of HESCO have now been divided between the two DISCOs. SEPCO is a newly created company. HESCO has surrendered its historical limits which now fall under the jurisdiction of SEPCO.

The areas that are now under the distribution system of the SEPCO consist of three operation circles namely:

  • DADU

The new distribution system of the HESCO (modified) also retains three operation circles, namely:


Islamabad Electric Supply Company

Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO) is an electric utility company in Islamabad, incorporated in 1998. IESCO was formed in 1998 to take over the assets, functions and responsibilities of the erstwhile Islamabad Area Electricity Board, which was then a division of WAPDA. IESCO’s core function is to supply, distribute and sell power (electricity) in the area from Attock to Jhelum, and from the river Indus to River Neelum in Kashmir. It services 2.8 million consumers directly, but touches the lives of more than 25 million people living in the 6 districts.


K-Electric (KE) (formerly known as Karachi Electric Supply Company) is a Pakistani investor-owned utility managing all three key stages – generation, transmission and distribution – of producing and delivering energy to consumers. This is a Pakistani electric supply company, based in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. K-Electric is a privately-owned and vertically-integrated electricity distribution company.

KE supplies power to Pakistan’s largest city and economic hub, Karachi, home to an estimated 22 million people (as of 2018). The company has a customer account base of over 2.5 million, and around 10,000 employees. KE engages in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electric energy to industrial, commercial, agricultural and residential areas that fall under its network. In January 2018, the utility also initiated the process of distributed generation under a net metering program. KE’s network has improved multiple folds over the course of many years: projects like Aerial Bundled Cabling (ABC) to improve secondary distribution systems and reduce power thefts and energy efficiency and renewable programs for KE consumers, including energy audits, power factor improvement surveys, solar consultancy and outreach and awareness programs.

Lahore Electric Supply Company

Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO) is an electric distribution company that supplies electricity to the districts of Lahore, Okara, Sheikhupura, Nankana and Kasur in Pakistan.

LESCO comes under the main organization Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). LESCO organization appeared in the year of 2001 in the wake of unbundling of WAPDA framework, prior it was known as Lahore Area Electricity Board (AEB). Its circulation organization contained sixty eight 132 kV and fourteen 66 kV sub-stations and in the year 2013-14 there were one thirty four 132kV and seven 66kV substations.

Multan Electric Power Company

MEPCO (Multan Electric Power Company) is an electric distribution company which supplies electricity to 13 districts of South Punjab, Pakistan. This company generates electric power from water (hydro-electric power) and distributes it to approximately 34 million people of the area. Multan Electric Power Company was founded in 1998. MEPCO is the largest power distribution company in Pakistan operating exclusively in 13 administrative districts of southern Punjab i.e. Multan, Muzaffargarh, Layyah, Dera Ghazi Khan, Rajanpur, Lodhran, Bahawalpur, Rahim Yar Khan, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Pakpattan, Vehari and Bahawalnagar. It is also a licensee who has been granted license by the NEPRA for distribution of electricity exclusively to service territory spread over 13 administrative districts of Southern Punjab.

Peshawar Electric Supply Company

Peshawar Electric Supply Company (PESCO), located in Peshawar provides service of power distribution to over 2.6 million consumers of all civil districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. PESCO networks own and maintain Khyber Pukhtunkhwa’s electricity distribution system via 132, 66, 33 kV sub-transmission lines, substations and 11 kV & 440 V low tension lines with distribution transformers that deliver electricity to your home or business.

Quetta Electric Supply Company

Quetta Electric Supply Company (QESCO) is an electric distribution company which supplies electricity to the city of Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. QESCO now acts as a Private Organization on switching over from Public to Private Sector. The company deals with the Power Supply System in the whole Balochistan less District Lasbela.

Tribal Electric Supply Company

Tribal Electric Supply Company (TESCO) is an electric distribution company which supplies electricity to FATA, Pakistan. The area of jurisdiction of TESCO reaches about 1200 KM. It consists of seven agencies and FRs that are situated along Afghanistan boundary. The seven agencies are Kurram Agency, Orakzai Agency, Khyber Agency, North Waziristan Agency, South Waziristan Agency, Bajaur Agency and Mohmand Agency. And the FRs are FR Peshawar, FR Kohat, FR Bannu, FR Lakki, FR Dera Ismail Khan and FR Tank.

This was all the information you needed to know about The Distribution Companies operating in Pakistan.

Everything you should know about WAPDA

WAPDA (Water & Power Development Authority of Pakistan) is a government owned public utility for maintaining power and water supply in the country.

You must have often heard about WAPDA like when something goes wrong with your water supply or electricity they are the guys to complain to. Here’s everything you need to know about the Water & Power Development Authority of Pakistan.

Purpose & Authority of WAPDA

It was initially created as a Semi-Autonomous Body for the aim of coordinating and giving a unified direction to the event of schemes in Water and Power Sectors, which were previously being addressed by the respective Electricity and Irrigation Department of the Provinces. But in October 2007, WAPDA was separated into two distinct establishments, WAPDA (Water & Power Development Authority) and PEPCO (Pakistan Electric Power Company). 


WAPDA is liable for water and hydropower development whereas PEPCO is vested with the responsibility of thermal power generation, transmission, distribution and billing.PEPCO has been fully empowered and is responsible for the management of all the affairs of corporatized nine Distribution Companies (DISCOs), four Generation Companies (GENCOs) and a National Transmission Dispatch Company (NTDC). These companies are working under an independent Board of Directors (Chairman and some Directors are from Private Sectors).

WAPDA holds the Authority to all the dams in Pakistan. It is also fully responsible for the development of Hydel Power and Water Sector Projects. They have the physical possessions of all their operational assets.

The Charter of Duties of WAPDA is to research, plan and execute schemes for the subsequent fields:

  • Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Power.
  • Irrigation, Water Supply and Drainage.
  • Prevention of Water logging and Reclamation of Waterlogged and Saline Lands.
  • Flood Management.
  • Inland Navigation.


According to WAPDA they have planned to construct five multi-dimensional water storage dams during the next 3-12 years. The building of these dams will not only help address acute water challenges but also produce cheap and clean hydroelectricity.

These projects won’t only be beneficial at the national level but also will be instrumental for development of remote and fewer developed regions of the country where they’re located. And the idea is to generate affordable, clean electricity, which will provide relief to the consumers by bringing down the power tariff. The building of water storages will meet the water requirements besides playing their role for mitigation of flood hazards.


WAPDA handles distribution companies (DISCO) which are responsible for providing electricity in your houses. These companies are:

  • Faisalabad Electric Supply Company (FESCO)
  • Gujranwala Electric Power Company (GEPCO)
  • Hyderabad Electric Supply Company (HESCO)
  • Sukkur Electric Power Company (SEPCO)
  • Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO)
  • K-Electric (formerly KESC)
  • Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO)
  • Multan Electric Power Company (MEPCO)
  • Peshawar Electric Power Company (PESCO)
  • Quetta Electric Supply Company (QESCO)
  • Tribal Electric Supply Company (TESCO)

If you have any customer service complaints you can call your district’s respective complaint headlines. 

WAPDA organizes your utility bills. You can pay your bills to a bank and other facilities or you can also pay them online, using their provided websites. You can also check the bills online.


If you have a wrong reading on your bill or something else wrong with your bill you can take it to the closest WAPDA office to get it inspected.

When having problems with electricity or the water supply of your house you can call the certain provided helpline from that entitled company for that matter i.e. LESCO. They’ll send a team to resolve the issue and make sure everything is intact.


The above link is their official web-page regarding public complaints. 

Where to complain?

The complainant must send his/her complaint through registered/ courier mail, at the following address;

Director (Legal)
B-51 WAPDA House, Lahore.

Required Information for Public Complaints:

The following information is mandatory to comply with the application.

  1. Name of the project (if any)
  2. Subject of the complaint
  3. Contents of the complaint
  4. Documentary evidence to be attached
  5. Complainant personal information
    1. Name:
    2. Designation (if any)
    3. Copy of CNIC
    4. Signature/thumb impression with date
    5. Contact number
    6. Email ID (if any)
    7. Postal address.

Electric Shock Treatment: First Aid For Electric Shock

Electric shock is an injury that could potentially prove to be fatal. But having taken safety measures to ensure health after one has been electrocuted can prevent that from happening. 

Immediate medical attention is important to prevent severe injury and death. Here are the following safety measures you can take after experiencing an electric shock.

Call the emergency if the person has been injured or in critical condition by an electric shock.

Lay the Person Down, if Possible

  • Elevate the person’s feet about 12 inches unless head, neck, or back is injured or you suspect broken hip or leg bones.
  • Do not raise the person’s head.
  • Turn the person on side if he or she is vomiting or bleeding from the mouth.
  • Cover the person with a towel or blanket if possible.

Perform CPR, if Needed

If the person is not breathing or breathing seems dangerously weak:

  • Place the heel of your hand on the center of the person’s chest.
  • Place the heel of your other hand on top of your first hand, lacing fingers together.
  • Keep arms straight and your shoulders directly over your hands.
  • Push hard and fast, compressing their chest at least 2 inches.
  • Let their chest rise completely before pushing down again.
  • Compress at least 100 times per minute.
  • There are different procedures for performing CPR on children. For a baby, press down with two fingers on their breastbone about 1 1/2 inches, about 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of chest. For a child, press down about 2 inches or less.
  • Continue CPR until help arrives or the person wakes up.

Check for Other Injuries

  • If the person is bleeding, apply pressure and elevate the wound if it’s in an arm or leg.
  • There may be a fracture if the shock caused the person to fall.

Keep Person Warm and Comfortable

  • Loosen restrictive clothing.
  • Cover with a coat or blanket.
  • Keep the person still. Do not move the person unless there is danger.
  • Reassure the person.
  • Do not give anything to eat or drink.

Dealing with Burns

Exposure to electricity can cause burns to the skin, and in severe cases, the internal organs. The electricity may cause ‘entry’ and ‘exit’ burns – for example, entering via a hand and leaving via the feet.

  • For burns, Cover with sterile, non-adhesive bandages or clean cloth. Do not apply butter, oil, lotions, or creams (especially if they contain fragrance). Apply a petroleum-based ointment two to three times per day.

For responsive casualties:

  • Cool burns for a minimum of 10 minutes under cold water

For unresponsive casualties:

  • Cool the burn with wet dressings (or special burn dressings) after placing them in the recovery position.


  • Burst any blisters
  • Apply adhesive dressings
  • Remove damaged skin
  • Apply ointments/creams
  • Cover with ‘fluffy’ dressings
  • Affix dressings too tightly
  • Apply butter/fats/margarine or other substances commonly believed to cool burns
  • Remove damaged clothing
  • Apply ice

Precautions are taken before not after electric shock. After all, shock could be lethal and if you survive you can celebrate followed by introspection to avoid such risks in future.

A Guide on: How to Get K-Electric Duplicate Bill Online

If for some reason you haven’t received your K-Electric Bill yet or might have misplaced it and now want to know how to check K-Electric Bill online, you are at the right place. Here we are going to show you how to get a K-Electric duplicate bill online, so you don’t have to worry about wasting your time by going to a K-Electric office to obtain another copy.

K-Electric (Karachi Electric Supply Company) is made to provide electricity to Karachi and its nearby towns. The company came into being in September 1913 and the work of this company includes Transmission, Distribution and Electricity Generation.

Obtaining The Bill

Visit K-Electric official website and navigate to K-Electric duplicate bill page:

K-Electric Duplicate Bill

As you can see in the picture above, there are two things you need to acquire a K-Electric Duplicate Bill. And here’s how to get them:

Account Number

Account No. is a 13- digit code on the top right of your previous KE bill.

Consumer Number

This is an 8 digit number on the top left side on your previous bill.

K-Electric Bill

Enter these numbers and click on the view bill button. Now, you have a duplicate copy of your K-Electric Bill. Print your bill (a printed copy is accepted in all banks) and pay at your nearest Bank.

Register Your Email for Receiving Monthly Bill Via EMail

K-Electric also offers you a free Email Registration for receiving your monthly bill. On the Duplicate Bill Page, you will also find an optional choice of entering your Email and Phone No.

K-Electric Bill Through Email & SMS

After entering the Email and your Phone No. you will be subscribed to a monthly Bill Receiving Email.

They will send a confirmation email to your provided email address. You’ll need to go there and confirm your email and the process is complete. That’s all! This was a complete guide on how to get a duplicate copy of your K-Electric Bill. If you have any questions, let us know in the comments below.!

How to Calculate Electricity Bill

Electric bill readings are done manually in Pakistan, even in this time and age. And since meter reading is a manual activity in Pakistan, it is prone to discrepancies and human errors. To avoid this some people like to keep a day to day check on their meter readings and calculate the bill beforehand, this also helps keeping your electricity usage balanced.

To calculate your electric bill, you’ll need to figure the energy usage of each of the appliances and electronic devices in your home. In an ideal world, estimating your electricity usage would be as easy as looking at an itemized grocery receipt. You’d be able to see exactly what you spent to run the dishwasher, do the laundry, watch TV and use a month’s worth of hot water. That technology is getting closer every day, but if you want to get an appliance-by-appliance breakdown right now, you’ll need to do a little math.

Electric Consumption

Electricity consumption is measured in terms of the number of units of electricity that your household has expended in a billing period which is usually one month. Your electricity meter outside your house provides a reading for the number of units consumed at any given point in time. Usually the reading states the total consumption from the date of installation of the meter. In Pakistan meter reading is a manual process carried out by various meter readers that are designated for different areas of cities. The meter reading date is usually listed at the top of the electricity bill. Along with the meter reading date are the current billing month, issue date and due date. Please note that the electronic version of the bill or WAPDA online bill is usually available a few days before the printed version is delivered to houses.

Electricity Bill

It is recommended that the electricity consumption listed on the bill is verified by checking the meter yourself around the usual meter reading date for your house to ensure that there are no inconsistencies. If you notice that there is a significant difference between the actual and reported readings, notify your sub division officer (SDO) at the local electric supply office immediately. The contact information for your SDO is also listed on your electricity bill. Additionally, if you notice a spike in your unit consumption or cost of electricity, compare it with your consumption in the previous year in the same months. This information is available in the billing history columns of your electricity bill.

To calculate the monthly unit consumption of a household, a meter reader subtracts the current month’s reading with the previous month’s reading. The current month and previous month’s units are present in all the WAPDA bills supplied in Pakistan.

The main determinant of electricity bill (here in Pakistan) is the number of units consumed.

Following charges and rates are applied which add up to the Price Build-Up:

1- Variable Charges (Slabs)

201–300 units, Rs. 10.20 per unit;

301–700 units, Rs. 15.45 per unit;

Above 700 units, Rs. 17.33 per unit

2- Surcharge

201–300, rs. 0.00 per unit

301–700, Rs. 0.55 per unit

Above 700, Rs. 0.67 per unit

3- Meter Rent of Rs. 15.00

4- Electricity Duty

  • Domestic = 1.5%
  • Commercial = 2%
  • Industrial = 1.5%
  • Bulk Supply=2%
  • Agricultural = 1% of Variable Charges

5- General Sales Tax (roughly 17% of the gross amount)

6- TV License Fee (implemented since January of 2010, all consumers running Television (TV) sets are required to pay Rs. 35 and 60 per TV set if they are domestic and commercial respectively.

7- Bank Charges (minimum of Rs. 8.00)

Important to note:

No. 1 and 2 are applied on the number of units consumed.

No. 4 and 5 are applied on the classification of domestic, commercial, industrial and other users. Applied to Gross Amount driven by number of units.


1 unit = 1 kWh.

So Total kWh = 1000 Watts x 24 Hrs x 30 Days = 720000 watts/hour.

We want to convert it into Units, Where is 1 unit = 1 kWh.

So total Consumed units. 720000/1000…… (k=kilo=1000).

Total Units = 720.

Average Cost of per unit is 15.

So total Cost or Electricity bill= 720 x 15 = 10800. This was the method to calculate your electricity bill. Alternatively, you can also calculate your bill by visiting LESCO Official website, click here to calculate.

How to Download and Check FESCO Bill Online

In this day and age of the internet, if you lose your bill or something else happens to it you don’t need to go to the exchange or the electric power office just for the sake of getting a duplicate bill. The online bill printing system has solved the problem of many electricity consumers in Pakistan at general consumer and industrial level. 

Almost all sectors of WAPDA are offering online duplicate bill downloading and printing facilities to their consumers. Just like most of the WAPDA electricity regions, Faisalabad Electricity Supply Company is also letting its consumers get the duplicate electricity bill from its official website.

The Duplicate Bill obtained from the Official FESCO website is treated just as the original bill and the payment of the previous month can also be done using this bill.

What is FESCO?

Faisalabad Electricity Supply Company (FESCO) was established by the Government of Pakistan with the purpose to distribute electricity to Faisalabad district and this electric supply company is facilitating almost 2.5 million customers. FESCO is a part of WAPDA. It is one of the most trustworthy and professional companies of Pakistan. It responds to complaints very quickly and is there to solve any query consumers might be facing. 

Areas Under FESCO:

  • Faisalabad 
  • Sargodha 
  • Mianwali  
  • Jhang 
  • Bakkar 

FESCO’s Online Bill Checking

In order to get a duplicate copy of your FESCO Bill, you have to follow these instructions step by step:

  • First, you have to take a previous FESCO Bill of yours and look at the reference number that is displayed on the top left. 
  • Reference Number is a 14 digit Numeric code.
  • Then open the official page of FESCO Online Bill Checking. Here’s the link:
  • Enter the Reference Number correctly and click submit.

There you have it. A duplicate copy of your FESCO Bill.

You can now download it and even print a copy out and take it to your nearest bank and pay the bill. You can also just pay online through easypaisa, jazz cash or other services.

FESCO Helpline

If you’re facing any other issue related to your bill or having problems with your electricity supply, you can now easily contact FESCO in order to solve all your queries.

Address: Faisalabad Electric Supply Company, West Canal Road, Abdullah Pur, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
TEL: +92- 41- 9220184-9220229
FAX: +92 – 41- 9220233

How To Check MEPCO Bill Online

Sometimes, It is possible that our bills might get delivered late, or even if they get delivered on time we may lose them or something else occurs. In order to solve all of your problems, you can now easily view your Mepco duplicate bill online through their online website. All you have to do is enter the reference number from your bill and your duplicate bill will be generated in just a matter of seconds.

What is MEPCO?

MEPCO (Multan Electric Power Company) is the largest power distribution company in Pakistan. It’s an electric distribution company which supplies electricity to 13 districts of South Punjab, Pakistan. It’s owned by WAPDA (Water and Power Development Authority).

Areas that MEPCO provides electricity to:

  • Multan
  • Khanewal
  • Sahiwal
  • Rahim yar khan
  • Rajanpur
  • Bahawalpur
  • Dera Ghazi Khan
  • Layyah
  • Bahawalnagar
  • Nehari
  • Muzaffargarh
  • Pakpattan
  • Lodhran

Getting the MEPCO Duplicate Bill

In order to get a duplicate copy of your MEPCO Bill you have to follow these instructions step by step:

  • First, you have to get a hold of a recent MEPCO Bill of yours and have a look at the reference number that is displayed on top. Make sure the reference number is up to date by taking out the latest bill since the numbers have been changed recently.
  • The Reference Number is a 14 digit numeric code, located on the top left of your bill. (As shown in the red highlighted box in the picture above).
  • Then open the link:
  • Now enter the reference number (no spaces) in the box and your bill will be generated in just a couple of seconds.

Once your bill is generated you can easily inspect it and print a copy to even submit it at the nearby bank.

MEPCO Helpline

If you’re facing any other issue related to your bill or having problems with your electricity supply. You can now easily contact MEPCO in order to solve all your queries.

Call: 920619220313


Address: MEPCO complex. Khanewal road MEPCO colony, Multan Punjab.

Step by Step Guide to get LESCO Duplicate Bill

If circumstances arise that you haven’t yet received your LESCO bill or have lost it. Then there’s no room for worry you can still obtain a duplicate bill through our online bill check option.

Here’s the complete step by step guide to get the Duplicate LESCO bill through our online service.

Things You Need:

The two things you’re going to need to obtain a full copy of your LESCO bill are:-

  • Reference Number
  • Customer ID

These are the numbers you’re going to have to provide to check your electricity bill online. And here’s how to get them:

Reference No. and Consumer ID are printed on the top of your bill:

LESCO Reference Number

Reference No. contains 14 numbers and 1 alphabet. And Customer ID consist of 7 numbers only.

Check Bill Using Reference No

When you’ve got the 15-digits reference number you need to insert it in the layout and press the process button as shown below:-

LESCO Bill Check With Reference Number

Check Bill Using Customer ID

Another option available to obtain your LESCO bill online is via using Customer ID. It’s almost the same as using a Reference No. but in this layout you have to insert Customer ID which consists of 7 numbers, once entered just press process button as shown in the image below:-

LESCO Bill Check With Customer Id


LESCO offers you a complete free of cost SMS and Email service to acquire your electricity bills and supply information.

LESCO Email and SMS Service
  • Step 1: Visit this page
  • Step 2: Select service: Email only, SMS only or both if you want to be get notified through both SMS and Email
  • Step 3: Insert your 7-digit consumer id.
  • Step 4: Insert your mobile number in said format (e.g 923001111111)
  • Step 5: Insert your email id and press the submit/update button.

How to Pay Your LESCO Bill

Once you have obtained your LESCO duplicate bill then you can submit it via both online or offline options:

Pay Offline: You can pay your LESCO bill to all the branches of commercial banks and post offices. Make sure to bring along a printed copy of your bill.

Pay Online: You can also pay LESCO Bill online through any bank, EasyPaisa or JazzCash. For bank options make sure you have online banking service activated on your account.


Conserving electricity serves tons of purposes. Most prominent of which are helping reduce global warming and saving a lot of money. Saving electricity doesn’t mean that you should stop using it, but the best way to save electricity is to get smart with how to use it.

These are the smartest ways to help you save electricity and become a part of an environmentally friendly world.


Turn off all the unnecessary light bulbs in your house and during the daytime embrace natural light. Open the curtains and let the natural light come into your house. It will not only save electricity but also create a healthy and happy environment. 


Switch to LED light bulbs. An LED light bulb consumes only 30% energy that an average incandescent light bulb at your home uses, and it gives you the same lighting.  If you switch to LED lights completely that means you’re saving 70% electricity just on lights than before.


It is the most common and the simplest way of saving electricity and it works wonders. Turn off all the switches when you’re leaving the house or when not using them. If it’s a light switch or an electronic device on standby it is using electricity momentarily, turn it off when not needed. And unplug any appliances that aren’t needed.


Since we’re dealing with a rapidly fast developing world of technology where there are new machines being introduced every other day. There’s a very high chance that the home appliances you’re using have better energy saving models. For example, Inverter Air Conditioners save you a larger amount of energy consuming than a regular AC.

You have to be smart about the devices you use in your house. Regularly service them and make sure they run smoothly and efficiently.  If you have an older refrigerator, electric stove and oven, dishwasher, washer and dryer, or other large appliance, look into getting it replaced.

Make sure you reduce your reliance on these appliances also. Like in the old days people didn’t need large appliances to run their households; experiment with ways to use only what you really need.


Invest in renewable energy like solar panels, windmills they are expensive but if you can afford it this is the way to go. It’ll save you money over time as well as maintain an eco-friendly environment.


Use insulation in your house, make sure there are good seals in your windows and doors etc. so that in the winter warm heated air doesn’t leak, same in the summer for cool air.

 Instead of using electric heating in winter to warm yourself, wear warm clothes. Or use gas heaters or burn coals, this way you can save a lot of electricity and money too. Use less hot water, take shorter showers. Heating water takes a lot of energy, be smart with how much water you use.

In summertime keep your AC temperature to above 24C degrees it saves energy. Also try to use Air Conditioning as least frequently as possible.


Washing machine dryers can consume huge amounts of electricity. If it’s a nice day, dry your washing outside or leave it to air indoors. Try to save as much energy as you can.


A microwave is nearly 4 times as energy efficient as an oven. Try to use the oven when only it’s necessary and nowadays all of your food heating or even baking can be done using a microwave. An Oven consumes a lot of energy to heat up. Every time you open your oven door, the internal temperature can drop 25 degrees. Then, your oven has to use more electricity to bring the temperature back up. To save electricity, peek through the window and rely on your oven’s light instead of opening the door.


Instead of using vaccum cleaners, dishwashers, washing machines use your hands and do that work by yourself, it’ll help you exercise and as well as save a lot of money. As these machines use a vast amount of energy to operate.



Your fridge runs 24 hours a day and is one of your most expensive appliances to run. The ideal fridge temperature is 4 or 5 degrees Celsius. Your ideal freezer temperature is minus 15 to minus 18 degrees.

Make sure the fridge door seal is tight and that no gaps or cracks let cold air escape. If you have a second fridge or freezer, only turn it on when you need it.


Put frozen food in your fridge in the morning to thaw out and reduce cooking time in the evening. When you’re cooking, use the microwave when you can. Microwaves use much less energy than an electric oven.

If you use a stove, keep lids on pots to reduce cooking time. Plan to cook more and have leftover meals for the next day or the whole week. Keep leftover meals in the freezer.


Use the economy cycle on your dishwasher, and only run it when it’s full.

And last but not least To reduce energy consumption in your home, you do not necessarily need to go out and purchase energy efficient products. Energy conservation can be as simple as turning off lights or appliances when you do not need them.